Ethiopia: “African Union and United States Issue Urgent Calls for Calm Amidst Rising Tensions in Ethiopia-Somalia Dispute”

Ethiopia: “African Union and United States Issue Urgent Calls for Calm Amidst Rising Tensions in Ethiopia-Somalia Dispute”

By Ahmad Hadizat Omayoza, Mamos Nigeria

In a significant development, the African Union (AU) has issued an appeal for calm amidst escalating tensions between Ethiopia and Somalia over a controversial deal with the breakaway region of Somaliland. The memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed on Monday has triggered a strong response from Somalia, labeling it an “aggression” and a “blatant assault” on its sovereignty by Ethiopia.

The agreement, granting landlocked Ethiopia access to the Red Sea through Somaliland, has prompted AU Commission chair Moussa Faki Mahamat to intervene. In a statement, he urged both nations to exercise restraint and engage in a negotiation process to swiftly address their differences. The AU emphasized the importance of refraining from actions that could inadvertently strain the good relations between these neighboring Eastern African countries.

Moussa Faki Mahamat stressed the imperative to uphold the unity, territorial integrity, and full sovereignty of all African Union member states. This intervention by the AU comes in tandem with a similar call from the United States, which also appealed for calm and diplomatic dialogue to resolve the crisis.

The U.S. State Department, through spokesman Matthew Miller, reiterated its recognition of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Somalia within its 1960 borders. Expressing serious concern about the heightened tensions in the Horn of Africa, the U.S. urged all stakeholders to engage in diplomatic dialogue.

The bilateral deal signed in Addis Ababa is comprehensive, providing Ethiopia with access to commercial maritime services and a military base. In return, Somaliland leases 20 kilometers (12 miles) of coastline to Ethiopia for 50 years. Notably, Somaliland’s leader, Muse Bihi Abdi, stated that Ethiopia would fully recognize Somaliland in exchange, though this has not been confirmed by Addis Ababa.

As the international community closely monitors this situation, the appeals for calm from both the AU and the U.S. underscore the urgency of diplomatic resolution and the preservation of regional stability. The complex dynamics of territorial disputes and diplomatic negotiations highlight the delicate balance required in managing regional relations in the Horn of Africa.

Post a Comment

Translate »